Association of Rising Violent Crime with Blood Pressure and Cardiovascular Risk: Longitudinal Evidence from Chicago, 2014-2016
Published in American Journal of Hypertension, 2019
Recommended citation: Tung EL, Besser SA, Chua RF, Lindau ST, Kolak M, Anyanwu E, Liao JK, Tabit CE. Association of rising violent crime with blood pressure and cardiovascular risk: longitudinal evidence from Chicago, 2014-2016. American journal of hypertension. 2019 Aug 15. . https://academic.oup.com/ajh/advance-article-pdf/doi/10.1093/ajh/hpz134/29164273/hpz134.pdf
Serial observations were abstracted from the EHR at an academic medical center and paired to the City of Chicago Police Data Portal. The violent crime rate (VCR) was calculated as the number of violent crimes per 1000 population per year for each census tract. Longitudinal multilevel regression models were implemented to assess elevated BP (systolic BP≥140 mmHg or diastolic BP≥90 mmHg) as a function of the VCR, adjusting for patient characteristics, neighborhood characteristics, and time effects.